A Alice Walker

Expect Nothing by Alice Walker

There are a great many poems in existence that push forward the desire to express a need or feeling, and as well many that push forward the desire to simply say something. Alice Walker’s Expect Nothing falls in the latter of the (very rough) categories, a poem that states its purpose very plainly, without relying too heavily on poetic devices or heavy language. There is a strength to this poem, and to others like it, in simply saying what it is that the author wants to have expressed, and this does not take away from the power of the message. In small ways, such as the structure of the poem, and the rare use of metaphor are benefited by their rarity. The accumulation of this simplicity is a powerful, meaningful poem that is easy to digest and appreciate while still being thought-provoking in that meaning.

Expect Nothing by Alice Walker




‘Expect Nothing’ by Alice Walker is a beautiful poem about living life without any expectations of it.

‘Expect Nothing’ by Alice Walker teaches how to stay happy without expecting anything from life. The expectation is the key to all sufferings. It keeps human beings in a chain of lifelong enslavement. The soul becomes weaker day by day and one day it ceases to exist. That’s why Alice Walker says, “Wish for nothing larger/ Than your own small heart”. She tries to save readers from the trap. Discovering the reason why human beings live their lives in utter fear of losing something, will help us to “Live frugally/ on surprise.” On this note, the poet ends the poem.

You can read the full poem here.



‘Expect Nothing’ by Alice Walker talks about the theme of expectation and self-consciousness. The theme of expectation is the major one in the poem. The poet presents an insightful view of expectations. As the title says, the poet is of the view of expecting nothing from life. It welcomes suffering in life. Whatsoever, human beings suffer from expecting something bigger than they really deserve. Their heart is selfish and they expect something which doesn’t profit humanity as a whole.

Another theme used in the poem is self-consciousness. A person has to be aware of the desires appearing in the soul. He/she has to analyze each of them to control the mind. Otherwise, it will run into the wrong alleys which will bring lifelong suffering in life. For this reason, Alice Walker talks about the theme of self-consciousness while sharing her thoughts about expectations.


Analysis of Expect Nothing

Stanza One

Expect nothing. Live frugally
On surprise.
Stop short of urge to plead
Then purge away the need.

This poem, which can be read in full here, does not feature a narrator as a character, nor a setting of any kind. Instead, it begins with simple advice — “expect nothing.” The structure of the poem, which is not designed to rhyme, helps to keep the reader reading, by beginning the next sentence on that same line and finishing it on the following one. Only two sentences throughout the versed at the same time that the line they take up does, and this is to keep the reader moving to the next line naturally to find the end of the thought.

The advice given throughout the verse is simple. “Expect nothing” is easy enough to understand — if a person doesn’t spend their time expecting things to happen, they’ll always be pleasantly surprised when good things do, and won’t be disappointed when good things don’t. “Live frugally / On surprise” the next line advises, and this too is good advice. A person who lives frugally is one who is economically-minded in a way that lends itself to low spending. A frugal person tries to save their currency and live light. To live “frugally” on surprise suggests to live on surprise and little else, and this ties in nicely with not expecting anything. Expect nothing, and when things happen, live for those moments of surprise when things happen regardless of expectation. This is how the poem starts — and this sets the tone for the rest of the poem, carrying a blunt, somewhat unorthodox kind of atmosphere to it.

The rest of this verse tells the reader to never accept too much from others but to stop accepting compassion at the point where they no longer need it, but rather begin to want it. When it says to “purge away the need,” it refers not only to compassion but to anything that becomes a need out of sheer desire.

Stanza Two

Wish for nothing larger
Than your own small heart
Make of it a parka
For your soul.

The second verse follows very much the same pattern as the first one, beginning and ending with advice for the reader. This verse is also notable for using the metaphor of a star to symbolize the human heart. It suggests that the reader should never wish for anything greater than their “own small heart,” which is a fairly vague sentiment since a wish cannot be measured in the way a physical organ can. What the verse actually seems to be suggesting is that wishes should come from the heart, and be sincere to what the person feels and wants. In this sense, the heart can be as large and as grand as a star, if it is sheltered from “wild disappointment.” The way the poem suggests to handle these disappointments is with cold caresses; which is to say without feeling disappointed, but to make disappointment a “parka / For your soul.” A parka is a kind of coat, and in this metaphor, disappointment is like feeling cold, and the only way to be sheltered from the cold is by wearing a parka. So, it is suggesting, get used to disappointment, and tame it so that it thickens your skin and defends you against future disappointment — because there will always be future disappointment.

Stanza Three

Discover the reason why
So tiny human midget
But expect nothing. Live frugally
On surprise.

The strong themes contained within this poem are those of independence, of happiness with one’s self, and of the gap between expectation and the world. An independent and fulfilled person is one who can discover the reason why the human “midget” (a rather blunt metaphor to demonstrate the relatively small existence of one species on one planet circling one star) exists at all. This is likely not meant as a literal discovery — it is unlikely that independent happiness is going to enable to the purpose of life to dawn on the individual — but it does suggest that a person can be reasonably happy and content with their own life and existence if they are expecting nothing from it. Without building up the grand expectation of life and reality in their own heads, a person can focus on what makes them feel fulfilled, rather than trying to live according to other people’s expectations or rules.

This last verse strengthens the idea of independence sewn throughout the work and reinforces the advice that begun the poem — “Expect nothing. Live frugally / On surprise,” indicating that this is important, and indeed, much of the poem can be compressed into those two lines alone.

Without using any heavy literary devices, the meanings embedded within Alice Walker’s Expect Nothing are fairly straightforward. This is a poem that’s easy to read and easy to understand but is very difficult to really get through because it is a poem entirely comprised of advice. For each individual person, the same advice has different implications. This is why the themes are so important — these ideas of making oneself happy, of doing so independently, of managing expectations, are applicable in some way to all readers, which makes this a powerful poem that can, in a way, transcend individual circumstance, and make the implementation of this particular piece of advice-driven a meaningful and successful one.

Discover the Essential Secrets

of Poetry

Sign up to unveil the best kept secrets in poetry,

brought to you by the experts

Andrew joined the team back in November 2015 and has a passion for poetry. He has an Honours in the Bachelor of Arts, consisting of a Major in Communication, Culture and Information Technology, a Major in Professional Writing and a Minor in Historical Studies.
  • Y does the poet compare humans with small midgets in the last stanza?

    • Lee-James Bovey says:

      It is a commentary on mankind. It is used to exhibit how insignificant the human race is in the grand scheme of the universe. And when you consider the scale of the universe and how small earth is by comparison. Or even how long the universe has existed and by comparison how long mankind (or even animals in general) have existed it is a metaphor that carries a lot of weight. I’d suggest it doesn’t even go far enough. Of course, if we are the only intelligent life form in the universe then that sentiment might be considered foolhardy. Then we are giants, one of a kind!

  • can u please tell me the figurative languages used over here and please tell me in which line did u get the figurative language

    • Lee-James Bovey says:

      Talking figuratively is effectively the opposite of talking literally. So when we say figurative it encompasses any use of hyperbole, metaphor, personification etc. so “taming wild disappointment” is an example as Walker likens an emotion to an animal.

  • Can you comment on the refrain of the poem also why do you think the poet has used this idea?

    • Lee-James Bovey says:

      I didn’t spot a refrain. A refrain is where a sentence is repeated throughout the poem. There are some words that are repeated but I couldn’t spot a phrase that is repeated.

  • Ayman Alam says:

    Can you please explain me the last stanza in detail.

    • Lee-James Bovey says:

      Hi there, thanks for your request. I have read through the analysis and think the analysis of the final stanza is fairly robust, especially given how literal the poem is. Is there something in particular you are looking for?

  • >

    Discover and learn about the greatest poetry, straight to your inbox

    Start Your Perfect Poetry Journey

    Ad blocker detected

    To create the home of poetry, we fund this through advertising

    Please help us help you by disabling your ad blocker


    We appreciate your support

    The Best-Kept Secrets of Poetry

    Discover and learn about the greatest poetry ever straight to your inbox

    Share via
    Copy link
    Powered by Social Snap