The Trees like Tassels — hit — and swung

Emily Dickinson

‘The Trees like Tassels — hit — and swung’ by Emily Dickinson is a warm and optimistic poem. It focuses on the summer season and what one might observe during it.


Emily Dickinson

Nationality: American

Emily Dickinson redefined American poetry with unique line breaks and unexpected rhymes.

Notable works include 'Because I could not stop for Death' and 'Hope is the Thing with Feathers.' 

Key Poem Information

Central Message: Summer is a particularly beautiful season

Themes: Nature

Speaker: Someone who appreciates nature

Emotions Evoked: Enjoyment, Joyfulness

Poetic Form: Quatrain

Time Period: 19th Century

Dickinson does a wonderful job reminding readers of the power of nature during the summer season in this poem.

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In ‘The Trees like Tassels — hit — and swung,’ Dickinson uses figurative language as well as a range of other literary devices in order to describe the beauty and complexity of a summer’s day. She engages most prominently with the theme of nature. 

The Trees like Tassels hit and swung
Emily Dickinson

The Trees like Tassels hit and swungThere seemed to rise a TuneFrom Miniature CreaturesAccompanying the Sun

Far Psalteries of SummerEnamoring the EarThey never yet did satisfyRemotest when most fair

The Sun shone whole at intervalsThen Half then utter hidAs if Himself were optionalAnd had Estates of Cloud

Sufficient to enfold HimEternally from viewExcept it were a whim of HisTo let the Orchards grow

A Bird sat careless on the fenceOne gossipped in the LaneOn silver matters charmed a SnakeJust winding round a Stone

Bright Flowers slit a CalyxAnd soared upon a StemLike Hindered Flags Sweet hoistedWith Spices in the Hem

‘Twas more I cannot mentionHow mean to those that seeVandyke’s DelineationOf Nature’s Summer Day!

Explore The Trees like Tassels — hit — and swung

The Trees like Tassels — hit — and swung by Emily Dickinson


The Trees like Tassels — hit — and swung’ by Emily Dickinson is a hopeful and image-rich poem that describes the beauties of nature in summer.

The poem uses personification and anthropomorphism in order to describe the blooming, thriving, and growing life that one can see on a summer day. She speaks on the sun, its ability to shine when it chooses to, birds, bugs, a snake, and excitedly blooming flowers.


The Trees like Tassels — hit — and swung’ by Emily Dickinson is a seven stanza poem that is separated into sets of four lines, known as quatrains. These quatrains follow, in part, a rhyme scheme of ABCB. But, there are several occasions where the first and fourth lines are half-rhymes rather than full rhymes. For instance, “hid” and “Cloud” in stanza four and “view” and “grow” in stanza five. 

Dickinson makes use of a very specific metrical pattern in the stanzas. The first and third lines of each use iambic tetrameter while the second and fourth conform to iambic trimeter. The alternating numbers of syllables per line and the rhyme scheme make these ballad stanzas or hymn stanzas. 

Literary Devices

Dickinson makes use of several literary devices in ‘The Trees like Tassels — hit— and swung’. These include but are not limited to enjambment, simile, and personification. The latter is seen in tandem with anthropomorphism in Dickinson’s description of the sun, the flowers, and the other elements that make up the summer’s day. 

Another important technique commonly used in poetry is enjambment. It occurs when a line is cut off before its natural stopping point. Enjambment forces a reader down to the next line, and the next, quickly. One has to move forward in order to comfortably resolve a phrase or sentence. For instance, the transition between lines two, three, and four of the first stanza as well as lines two and three of the second stanza.

A simile is a comparison between two unlike things that uses the words “like” or “as”. A poet uses this kind of figurative language to say that one thing is similar to another, not like metaphor, that it “is” another. For example, the first line of the poem that compares swaying trees to curtain tassels.


Analysis, Stanza by Stanza

Stanza One 

The Trees like Tassels — hit — and swung —

There seemed to rise a Tune

From Miniature Creatures

Accompanying the Sun —

In the first four lines of ‘The Trees like Tassels — hit — and swung —‘ the speaker begins by describing how, in the wind, the trees sway like “tassels”. This refers to the drawstrings that are used to open and close curtains. They’re moving just as freely and beautifully. 

The poet uses personification, a technique that’s common in her poems, to describe the natural scene. There are “Miniature Creatures,” presumably bugs and birds, that create and “Tune” that rises out of woods. This is accompanied by the “Sun” which brings everything to life. 

Stanzas Two and Three

Far Psalteries of Summer —

Enamoring the Ear

They never yet did satisfy —

Remotest — when most fair

The Sun shone whole at intervals —

Then Half — then utter hid —

As if Himself were optional

And had Estates of Cloud

The second stanza of ‘The Trees like Tassels — hit— and swung’ continues to describe the musicality of the scene. (This is mirrored through the ballad stanza form.) The poet describes the “Psalteries of Summer”. This refers to a medieval musical instrument that is similar to a dulcimer. The sounds please the ear but are never entirely satisfying. Anyone watching and listening to the scene will always leave wanting more. 

The sun comes back into the poem in the third stanza. Dickinson describes it as rising but being obscured by clouds. It hides when it chooses to bind its “Estates of Clouds,” only coming out when it seems like the right time. The use of dashes in these lines helps represent the intervals the sun chooses to show itself. 

Stanzas Four and Five

Sufficient to enfold Him

Eternally from view —

Except it were a whim of His

To let the Orchards grow —

A Bird sat careless on the fence —

One gossipped in the Lane

On silver matters charmed a Snake

Just winding round a Stone —

When the sun chooses to it comes out and shines on all the world in the next stanza of ‘The Trees like Tassels — hit— and swung’. He does so on a “whim”. This is a great example of the way that anthropomorphism can quickly imbue a non-human element with human features. The poet creates a personality for the sun through these brief descriptions. It feels heady and powerful. The sun is able to choose when it does or does not shine. 

The fifth stanza describes the wealth of life and action on the ground. There are birds and even a “Snake”. The latter spoke in a “silver” tone as it moved around a stone looking for a place in the sun. These words “charmed’ and “gossiped” are other good examples of personification. 

Stanzas Six and Seven

Bright Flowers slit a Calyx

And soared upon a Stem

Like Hindered Flags — Sweet hoisted —

With Spices — in the Hem —

‘Twas more — I cannot mention —

How mean — to those that see —

Vandyke’s Delineation

Of Nature’s — Summer Day!

In response to the sun, the flowers grow, soaring up towards the sky in the next stanza of ‘The Trees like Tassels — hit— and swung’. They are described through a simile to “Hindered Flags” that are hoisted up towards the sky with great energy and excitement. The lines quickly jump back to the flowers again, describing their petals and blooms as filled with fragrance. 

Despite everything that she has mentioned so far, there is much more that she’s never going to be able to get to. “’Twas more” she says that she didn’t ouch on. The world is like a Vandyke painting, a reference to Sir Anthony Vancouver Dyke, best known for his masterful portraits. The gorgeous “Summer Day!” is impossible to fully capture.

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Emma Baldwin Poetry Expert
Emma graduated from East Carolina University with a BA in English, minor in Creative Writing, BFA in Fine Art, and BA in Art Histories. Literature is one of her greatest passions which she pursues through analyzing poetry on Poem Analysis.

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