Metonymy

Metonymy a kind of figurative language that refers to a situation in which one term is substituted for another. The substitution is made because of some preexisting relationship between the two things.  For example, “The pen is mightier than the sword” or “lend me your ear”. In the former, the word “pen” is substituted for the written word in general, and “sword” for military might.

One very straightforward example comes from John Keats’ Ode to a Nightingalein which the speaker refers to a “draught” or drink of “vintage”. In this line the word “vintage” refers to wine, but it also speaks to its age.

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