Hone Tuwhare

‘Monologue’ by Hone Tuwhare is a contemporary poem about the difficulties workers face when looking for a job and how temporary those jobs can be. 


Hone Tuwhare

Nationality: New Zealand

Hone Tuwhare was a New Zealand poet noted for his thoughtful poetry.

His best-known work was his first, No Ordinary Sun. 

Key Poem Information

Central Message: Finding and keeping a job is a very hard task

Speaker: Unknown

Poetic Form: Dramatic Monologue

Time Period: 20th Century

This poem depicts one person's experience in a factory and the price he's willing to pay to be near the exit

The writer, who is well-known as New Zealand’s best Maori poet, was inspired to write this poem based at least in part on his time working in the Otahuhu Railway Workshop for five years. 

He alludes to the fact that for some people, finding a job is harder than for others. His poetic persona knows that the job he has right now is temporary and that he should be looking for another before he is fired. 

Monologue by Hone Tuwhare


‘Monologue’ by Hone Tuwhare is an easy-to-read poem that describes one person’s working conditions and his fears for the future

The speaker begins by describing how he likes to work near the door of the factory. As the poem progresses, it becomes clear that he always chooses this spot to work in because it’s far from the offices the managers shout from and close to where new, hopeful workers come in looking for a job. It’s also close to the exit, so he could get out of the building very quickly. 

Structure and Form 

‘Monologue’ by Hone Tuwhare is an eight-stanza poem that is written in free verse. The poem is divided into stanzas that range from two lines up to eight, with lines varying in length significantly. This poem is written in the form of a monologue, meaning that it’s one person’s perspective on a situation that is uninterrupted by anyone else’s thoughts or ideas. 

Literary Devices 

In this poem, Tuwhare uses a few literary devices. They include: 

  • Personification: can be seen when the poet describes something non-human using human characteristics. For example, “the cold creeps in under the big doors.” 
  • Metaphor: occurs when the poet compares two things but doesn’t use “like” or “as.” For example, “I really ought to be looking for another job / before the axe falls.”
  • Caesura: an intentional pause in the middle of a line of verse, for example, “conditions do not improve. Even so, I put up with it.”  

Detailed Analysis 

Stanza One 

I like working near a door. I like to have my work-bench 

close by, with a locker handy.

In the first lines of ‘Monologue,’ the speaker begins by declaring that they like “working near a door.” It’s nice to have their working area close to the door and to their locker. Everything they need is within arm’s reach, including the exit. It’s unclear within these first few lines why the speaker feels so strongly about working near the door, but more details are added as the lines progress which helps this statement make far more sense. 

Stanza Two

Here the cold creeps in under the big doors, and in the 


           the big doors. 

The speaker describes what is likely working near the door in the second stanza (five lines long). They say that it’s certainly far colder near the door than it is away from it. The cold “creeps in under” the doors (an example of personification), or in the summer, the wind swirls the dust around that collects on the floor. The speaker puts up with all the inconveniences of working near the door and has no interest in moving to another spot in the facility. 

The description of the “big doors” opening to allow in “a lorry-load of steel” adds important context to the poem. It now seems likely that the speaker is working in a factory that deals with steel products and construction. 

Stanza Three 

As one may imagine this is a noisy place with smoke 


           instructions in my ear. 

Moving on, the speaker says that where he’s working is a very noisy place. There is smoke, people putting things together, and the sound of the machines “thumping and thrusting.” There is a constant noise that the speaker couldn’t escape from even if he did move to another bench. 

He adds that his location in the building means that he’s the farthest “away from those who have come down to shout / instructions in my ear.” This line suggests a floor manager or overseer who works above the employees in an office or second level of the building. They come down and shout at those working hard and long hours, something that the speaker finds irritating. His position in the room means that he’s as far away from “those who have come down” as possible. 

Stanza Four 

I am the first to greet strangers who drift in through the


            worker signs to another. 

The speaker finds a sense of community and added purpose in being able to help those who wander in through the doors. They are usually strangers looking for work, and he points them in the right direction and gives them information about the facility. 

He feels a connection to these people, from one worker to another. This likely makes him, and those entering the building for the first time, feel less alone. 

Stanza Five 

I can always tell the look on the faces of the successful


            unlucky I know also, but cannot easily forget. 

The fifth stanza is only three lines long, making it one of the shortest of the poem. The speaker says in these lines that it’s easy for him to tell by looking at the strangers’ faces who is successful when inquiring about a job and who isn’t. The “unlucky” ones he also recognizes, and they are far harder to forget. Here, the poet alludes to his speaker’s understanding of what it is like to struggle to make ends meet or even find a job. 

Stanza Six 

I have worked here for fifteen months.

            It’s too good to last. 


            I really ought to be looking for another job

            before the axe falls.

The speaker goes on saying that he’s worked in this specific factory for “fifteen months.” It’s a job that he knows is “too good to last” and that surely something is going to go wrong, which means that there will be a reduction in staff. Here, he’s suggesting that he’s been through this before. He knows what it’s like to have a job and what the signs of an impending reduction in staff look like. 

He knows that he should be looking for another job “before the axe falls” (this is a metaphor used to describe being fired). The line hints at how catastrophic losing one’s job can be. 

One of the reasons he suggests that he’s struggling and that people around his city or even the entire country are struggling is because there are just too many looking for jobs. There are so many people looking for something “real, more lasting,” and not enough jobs to go around. 

Stanza Seven 

These thoughts I push away, I think that I am lucky


            have no great distance to carry my gear and tool-box

            off the premises.

It’s hard to do, but the speaker knows he has to set these thoughts to the side and remember how lucky he is to have the position by the doors that lead out to the main street. He has a job now and knows he shouldn’t dwell on what’s going to happen in the future. 

The speaker tries to look at the bright side of things (in a slightly sarcastic way), saying that at least he won’t have far to walk when he is fired. He can take his “gear and tool-box” right “off the premises.” 

Stanza Eight 

I always like working near a door. I always look for a


           occurs, and fire breaks out, you know?

The eighth stanza uses “I always like working near a door,” a reflection of the first line of the poem, “I like working near a door.” Now though, the readers know what it is about working near the door that the speaker finds attractive (despite the negatives also mentioned). 

He always looks for a workbench in a similar position. It’s the best spot to be in if something goes wrong, like an “earthquake” or a “fire.” The poem ends casually with the phrase, “you know?” The speaker suggests that being prepared for a catastrophe is something that’s regularly understood by everyone. By using the images of an earthquake and a fire in these lines, the speaker is also connecting fatal disasters to losing one’s job/livelihood. 


What is the meaning of ‘Monologue?’ 

The meaning is that the struggle to find and keep a job is very real. The speaker also indicates how life-threatening losing one’s job can be, especially if there aren’t many options for other forms of income. 

What is the purpose of ‘Monologue?’ 

The purpose of this poem is to remind readers that finding and keeping a good job is a rare thing and that, for some people, this is far more true than others. It’s important to appreciate what one has but also be prepared for things to go wrong. 

What is the style of ‘Monologue?’ 

This poem is written in a causal and easy-to-read style. The poet used colloquial language and even some examples of slang that make his speaker very relatable. 

Similar Poetry 

Readers who enjoyed this poem should also consider reading some other Hone Tuwhare poems. For example: 

  • Friend– a poem that depicts a friendship that has fallen into disrepair as time has progressed. 

Some other related poems include: 

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Emma Baldwin Poetry Expert
Emma graduated from East Carolina University with a BA in English, minor in Creative Writing, BFA in Fine Art, and BA in Art Histories. Literature is one of her greatest passions which she pursues through analyzing poetry on Poem Analysis.

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