Caged Bird Sings by Maya Angelou

Caged Bird, or I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings as the poem is sometimes referred to, by Maya Angelou, is arguably one of the most moving and eye-opening poems ever written. Angelou also wrote an autobiography with a similar title, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. It is clear that this title had great significance to Angelou, as it was the title to her entire life story. In her autobiography, she talked about the struggle of being a black author and poet. She often felt that her words were not heard because of the color of her skin. She felt that in some ways, she was still experiencing slavery. Although African American people were free people in Angelou’s time, there were still many restrictions on them in society, making it so that many black Americans did not feel free at all. This poem, which can be read in full here, reveals the depth of those feelings.

Caged Bird by Maya Angelou


Caged Bird Analysis

First Stanza

A free bird leaps
on the back of the wind
in the orange sun rays
and dares to claim the sky.

Maya Angelou refers to nature. She describes the way “a free bird leaps on the back of the wind”. She describes the bird’s flight against the orange sky. The free bird has the right “to claim the sky”. The way she describes the “orange sun rays” gives the reader an appreciation for the natural beauty of the sky, and her description of the way the bird “dips his wing” helps the reader to appreciate the bird in his natural habitat, enjoying his freedom.


Second Stanza

But a bird that stalks
down his narrow cage
his feet are tied
so he opens his throat to sing.

This stanza Caged Bird is in stark contrast with the first. By using the word “but” to begin this stanza, the speaker prepares the reader for this contrast. Then she describes the “bird that stalks his narrow cage”. The tone is immediately and drastically changed from peaceful, satisfied, and joyful to one that is dark, unnerving, and even frustrating. She describes that this caged first “can seldom see through his bars of rage”. While the free bird gets to enjoy the full sky, the caged bird rarely even gets a glimpse of the sky. She claims that “his wings are clipped and his feet are tied”. Text from her autobiography reveals that Angelou often felt this way in life. She felt restricted from enjoying the freedom that should have been her right as a human being. The speaker then reveals that these are the very reasons that the bird “opens his throat to sing”.

The author felt this way in her own life. She wrote and sang and danced because it was her way of expressing her longing for freedom.


Third Stanza

The caged bird sings
with a fearful trill
for the caged bird
sings of freedom.

The third stanza reverts back to the free bird, further cementing the difference between the free bird and the caged bird in the minds of the readers. She writes that a “free bird thinks of another breeze” that he can enjoy the “sighing trees” and be free to find his own food. The tone with which she writes the first and third stanzas so sharply contrasts with the second stanza, that readers can feel the difference. The first and third stanzas give the reader a sense of ecstasy and thrill, which serve to make the second stanza seem all the more droll and even oppressive.


Fourth Stanza

The free bird thinks of another breeze


and he names the sky his own

The fourth stanza of Caged Bird continues the parallel between the free bird and the caged bird. The first line serves to starkly contrast the last line in the third stanza. It is dark and daunting. The reality of the life of the caged bird is revealed in this line. 

Mentioning of ‘fat worms waiting on a dawn bright lawn brings around a predatorial/prey juxtaposition too. It would be the worms that would be scared for their life, losing freedom as the birds feed upon such prey. However, with a bird entrapped by a cage, the worms are the ones that have the freedom, compared to the caged bird.


Fifth Stanza

But a caged bird stands on the grave of dreams


so he opens his throat to sing.

That bird, “stands on the grave of dreams”. This reveals the author’s feelings about her own dreams. She has so many dreams that have died because she was never given the freedom to achieve all that her white counterparts were able to achieve. Discrimination and Racism made up her cage, and although she sang, she felt her voice was not heard in the wide world, but only by those nearest her cage. The second line of this stanza is not only dark but even frightening.

The speaker describes the bird’s cries as “shouts on a nightmare scream”. At this point, the caged bird is so despondent in his life of captivity that his screams are like that of someone having a nightmare. The author then repeats these lines:

His wings are clipped and his feet are tied

So he opens his throat to sing.

Reaffirming the idea that the bird opens his mouth to sing because his desire for freedom and his desire to express himself cannot be contained.


Six Stanza

The caged bird sings
with a fearful trill
for the caged bird
sings of freedom.

This last stanza focuses on the caged bird yet again. The author implies that even though the caged bird may have never experienced true freedom, deep down that bird still knows that it was created to be free. Although freedom, to the caged bird, is “fearful” because it is “unknown”, he still sings “a fearful trill” because he still longed for freedom. Here, the speaker reveals that his cry for freedom is “heard on the distant hill”. This parallels to the author and her cry for freedom in the form of equality. She feels that her cries are heard, but only as soft background noise. She still feels that she is caged and that although she sings, her cries are heard only as a distant noise.

The last line states, “For the caged bird sings of freedom”. With this, the speaker implies that although the caged bird may never have experienced freedom, he still sings of it because he was created for freedom. This is paralleled to the African American struggle in Maya Angelou’s time. She feels that black Americans wrote and sang and danced and cried out for the freedom they deserved, but they were only heard as a distant voice. Yet, this would not stop them from crying out for freedom and equality because they knew they were made for freedom, and they would not relent until they were given their rights as human beings to enjoy the freedom they were created to enjoy.

Works Cited:

  • “Maya Angelou.” A&E Networks Television, Jan. 2016. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.
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  • Avatar Nagmathi devi says:

    This is so useful for me too. I’m from India.

    • Lee-James Bovey Lee-James Bovey says:

      Well hello from the UK. So glad this is useful!

  • Avatar hiba says:

    can you explain the use of poetic language here and the impact of choice of words?

    • Lee-James Bovey Lee-James Bovey says:

      Hello, If you read the analysis it does just that! 🙂

  • Avatar Ishan Dutta says:

    Thanks . Nice summarization and analysis.
    Very helpful.

    • Lee-James Bovey Lee-James Bovey says:

      Thank you. Glad you enjoyed it.

  • Avatar Ishan Dutta says:


    • Lee-James Bovey Lee-James Bovey says:

      Does this mean nice? If so then thanks.

  • Avatar tharindu says:

    As I am a student ,I’m very happy .This explains will help me to my o/l examination.

  • Avatar Samudra Epakande says:

    elaborative and helpful! Thank you.

    • Emma Baldwin Emma Baldwin says:

      Samudra, thanks for your comment! We’re glad we could help!

  • Avatar kalyani says:

    thank u for the explanations
    they will surely help me in my exams………….

    • Lee-James Bovey Lee-James Bovey says:

      I’m so glad. That’s what we are trying to do.

  • Avatar Romonya says:

    I think we all should be very thankful because we can not easily find such analaysis beacause as we find all the other pages and sites to be with all of those it is very glad to find this kind of a free and a useful analysis.

  • Avatar lily m says:

    I’m having trouble with summarising this poem! could you help?

    • Lee-James Bovey Lee-James Bovey says:

      I think the poem is about slavery and how it feels like it has been abolished but in some ways the spectre of the inequality still makes it feel like slavery exists in some form.

  • Avatar Arya Patil says:

    Beautifully explained!!Hats off

    • Lee-James Bovey Lee-James Bovey says:

      I always love an excuse to take my hat off! Thank you for the feedback.

  • Avatar Cpheh says:

    Wow indeed helpful, analysis appropriated

    • Lee-James Bovey Lee-James Bovey says:

      Thank you kindly.

  • Avatar SNEHA says:


    • Lee-James Bovey Lee-James Bovey says:

      Hi there, could you indicate what parts of the poem that you require more detail in? We will endeavour to expand on an analysis if a reader requires it.

      • Avatar ODIL says:

        What are meant by terms like bars of rage

        • Lee-James Bovey Lee-James Bovey says:

          This is a really good question. I think the poem is a metaphor for slavery. The enslaved bird therefore is angry at being in captivity. It is also a play on words as the poem references the bird singing, so the bars could be interpreted as musical bars.

    • Avatar ghgty says:

      welcome my love

  • Avatar Thian says:

    Really it’s very usefull. .luv it

  • Avatar joel sylvester says:

    actually i congratulate to the poet angelou since from her work known as “still i rise” she is still addressing that once you met even a bothered situation never forgive up that no matter how things will lay on you corresponding to the high class/oppressors one never give up.
    even this poem because her tone has already known even to this poem is still emphasizes the same congratulation.

  • Avatar Justin says:

    Thanks for the helpful explanation!

  • Avatar Maddie says:

    Very helpful!! Thanks 🙂

  • Avatar dammika says:

    This kind of situation can be seen anywhere in the world specially 3rd world countries. The women have no freedom to express their feelings.They have to do all productive and reproductive work from morning to evening with in the household,but they cannot expose to the society and make decision in their own. they have no choice or voice in the society.

  • Avatar Royalz27 says:

    Very nice explanation

  • Avatar Marjorie Cooper says:

    It seems to me the whole poem hinges on the line beginning with “So…” I never saw it so clearly before.

    But a BIRD that stalks down his narrow cage

    Can seldom see through his bars of rage

    His wings are clipped and his feet are tied

    So he opens his throat to sing.

    So many cages in life; so many reasons to sing. Or write. Reminds me of Nelson Mandella all those years in prison.

  • Avatar Pravini herath says:

    A good analysis.

  • Avatar Vanshaj saxena says:

    Good but ……….not so much

    • Avatar Surat says:

      Get a better explanation than that then talk

  • Avatar Amina Areeba says:

    Very good explanation of each stanza

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