Movements

A literary movement is a term used to define literature created during the same time period by different authors. They share a similar reason or inspiration for writing and use related ideas.

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  • Academic Drama
    Academic drama is a theatrical movement that was popular during the Renaissance, in the 16th-century. It was performed in universities. Read More
  • Acmeism
    Acmeism is a literary movement that emerged in the early 1910s in Russia. The movement is also referred to as the Guild of Poets. Read More
  • Aestheticism
    Aestheticism is a literary and artistic movement in the 18th and 19th centuries that focused on the importance of beauty. Read More
  • Alexandrianism
    Alexandrianism is the work and beliefs of Greek poets during the Hellenistic age, lasting from 323 to 31 BCE. Read More
  • Alliterative Revival
    The term “alliterative revival” is used to refer to a period of time, between 1350 and 1500, during which alliterative verse had a resurgence in Middle English. Read More
  • American Realism
    American realism was a style of writing, music, and art during the 20th century in the United States, specifically in New York. Read More
  • American Renaissance
    American Renaissance period of literature lasted from 1830 to the beginning of the Civil War, around 1861. Read More
  • Angry Young Men
    The Angry Young Men were a group of British writers and novelists disillusioned with society who produced work through the 1950s. Read More
  • Augustan Age
    The Augustan Age was a period during the first half of the 18th century in England. Poets during this period created verse inspired by authors like Virgil and Ovid. Read More
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  • Beat Generation
    The Beat Generation was a literary movement that began after the Second World War and known for its liberal attitudes towards life. Read More
  • Black Mountain Poets
    The Black Mountain Poets were a group of writers centered around Black Mountain College, in Black Mountain, North Carolina. Read More
  • Bloomsbury Group
    The Bloomsbury Group, also known as the Bloomsbury Set, was a group of English writers, artists, philosophers, critics, and friends. Read More
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  • Cavalier Poets
    The Cavalier Poets were a group of writers from the 17th century in England. They are generally defined by their class, and the fact that they originated from that(...) Read More
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  • Edwardian Period
    The Edwardian Period, which officially lasted from 1901 to 1910, includes the reign of King Edward VII. However, the period is often stretched to include the start(...) Read More
  • Elizabethan Era
    Elizabethan Era was a literary period that lasted through the years of Queen Elizabeth’s reign, from 1558 to 1603. Read More
  • Enlightenment
    The Enlightenment, also known as the Age of Reason, was a period from the late 17th century through the 18th century, in which scientific ideas flourished(...) Read More
  • Expressionism
    Expressionism was a literary and artistic reaction against realism and naturalism. Writers were interested in emotion and psychology. Read More
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  • Formalism
    In literature, formalism is a school of literary criticism and theory. It’s concerned more with the structure of the text than it is with any outside influence on(...) Read More
  • Futurism
    Futurism is an avant-garde movement that originated in Italy in the 20th century. It was part of the broader Futurist art movement. Read More
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  • Georgian Poetry
    Georgian poetry was a poetic movement in England that lasted from 1910 to 1936 during the reign of George V. Read More
  • Graveyard Poets
    The graveyard poets, also known as the Churchyard Poets were a group of writers in England during the 18th century. Their writing was characterized by meditations(...) Read More
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  • Harlem Renaissance
    The Harlem Renaissance was a cultural and intellectual movement in African American art, literature, dance, must, and more. Read More
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  • Imagism
    Imagism was a literary movement of the early 20th century. The proponents were interested in the use of precise imagery and clear language. Read More
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  • Lake Poets
    The Lake Poets were a group of English poets who lived and wrote in the Lake District during the nineteenth century. Read More
  • Literary Modernism
    Literary modernism originated in the late 19th and 20th centuries. It was mainly focused in Europe and North America. Read More
  • Lost Generation
    Lost Generation refers to a group of writers who came of age during World War I and dealt with the social changes the war brought. Read More
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  • Metaphysical Poetry
    Metaphysical poetry is marked by the use of elaborate figurative languages, original conceits, paradoxes, and philosophical topics. Read More
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  • Neoclassicism
    Neoclassicism was a movement interested in reviving Greco-Roman literature, art, architecture, philosophy, and theatre in the 18th century. Read More
  • New Apocalypse
    The New Apocalypse or New Apocalyptics grouping was a selection of poets from the United Kingdom during the 1940s. Read More
  • New Woman Movement and Writing
    New Woman was a feminist ideal that was profoundly influential on 19th and 20th-century literature, as well as broader feminist beliefs. Read More
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  • Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
    The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was a group of English artists, including writers, painters, and critics, who were founded in 1848. Read More
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  • Realism
    Realism is a literary movement that portrays everyday life exactly how it is. Read More
  • Romanticism
    Romanticism was a movement that originated in Europe at the end of the 18th century and emphasized aesthetic experience and imagination. Read More
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  • Surrealism
    Surrealism refers to a movement of literature, art, and drama in which creators chose to incorporated dreams and the unconscious, and fuse reality and pure imagination. Read More
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  • Transcendentalism
    The most important part of Transcendentalism is the focus on nature and opposition to the destruction of the individual that came with industrialism. Read More
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