Japanese poetry is a rich and diverse tradition that spans over a thousand years. The two most well-known forms of Japanese poetry are haiku and tanka, both of which are characterized by their brevity and attention to the natural world. Haiku is a three-line poem with a syllable count of 5-7-5, while tanka is a five-line poem with a syllable count of 5-7-5-7-7.
Japanese poetry has been heavily influenced by Zen Buddhism, which emphasizes the importance of living in the present moment and experiencing the world directly. Many haiku and tanka poems reflect this philosophy, with simple and unadorned language that focuses on small, everyday moments and objects.
In addition to haiku and tanka, there are many other forms of Japanese poetry, including renga, choka, and sedoka. These forms often involve collaborative composition and are characterized by their complex structure and use of metaphor.