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Diamante Poetry

Diamonte is a popular poetic form that is made up of seven lines. They are formatted into the shape of a diamond and used to compare two opposites.

The diamante poem, or diamond poem, was created by Iris Tiedt in A New Poetry Form: The Diamante, published in 1969. It is an unrhymed seven-line shape poem.

The most popular way that these poems are used is to compare and contrast the subject matter. This means that the poet will pick two opposites and write about each within the seven lines. For example, spring and fall, light and dark, age and youth, or men and women. The poems might also be used to speak on synonyms and antonyms, or words with opposite meanings.

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diamante poetry

Diamante Poem Form

The seven-lined poem is not just shaped into a diamond, they also follow a specific pattern within the diamond. The subject of the poem is in the first line. It is usually a noun. It is then followed by two adjectives, then some verbs starting in the third line (action words), more nouns, verbs, adjectives, and then the second subject (opposite or antonym). When written out the pattern sometimes looks like this:


Adjective Adjective

Verb Verb Verb

Noun Noun Noun Noun

Verb Verb Verb

Adjective Adjective


Other forms as also possible, as is an infinite amount of experimentation. In this diamond-shaped format, the top and the bottom are meant to contrast with one another. It is through the middle, as the lines progress down or up, that the two merge until they get to the middle line. The four central nouns should apply to both subjects.

Diamante Poems as Instructional Tools

This poetic form is used less by poets and more by those attempting to expand their writing abilities. It is popular in school settings, creative writing workshops, and any other group where one might want to challenge their vocabulary. Plus, they are a good way of helping students get a handle on the different parts of speech. A young student will come to understand what exactly a verb is and how they can think of more.

These poems allow the writer to make connections between two subjects that they might not have initially conceived of. The connecting lines, two through six, help this to occur.

How to Write a Diamante Poem (5 Steps)

1) Consider the format, rules, and expectations

It is crucial, before beginning any formatted poem to have a full understanding of what is appropriate to that format and what is not. The diamond-shaped form that’s written above is a great place to start. From there, the writing process is an interesting one.

2) Subject

After looking over the format that one is going to be working with it is time to pick a subject. The subject matter is slightly more restricted with diamante poems than it is with other forms. You will need to select two subjects that can be set as opposites. Some examples include:

  • Night—Day
  • Happiness—Sadness
  • Children—Adults
  • Kindness—Cruelty
  • Summer—Winter
  • Cats—Dogs
  • Life—Death
  • Rich—Poor
  • Country—City
  • Heaven—Earth

And many many more.

3) The parts of speech

It might be helpful, especially if you are new to considering the parts of speech, to look over what a verb, noun, and adjective are before beginning. Therefore you’ll have a clear understanding of the kinds of words you need to come up with.

  • Verb: a word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence. For example, think, jump, run, dance, play.
  • Noun: a person, place, thing, or idea. For example, doctor, mother, China, cellphone.
  • Adjective: a word or phrase that names an attribute. For example, beautiful, ugly, brilliant, lazy.

4) Collect your words

Now, it is time to start collecting. In the traditional form of a diamante poem, it is necessary to have adjectives, nouns, and verbs that apply to both your subjects. The easiest way to do this is to make a list and put on it every noun, verb, and adjective you can think of that applies to your topic.

5) Narrow it down and arrange the words

Choose the correct number of verbs, adjectives, and nouns for your lines. This will allow you to move forward, arrange the words on the page, switch them around, and see what feels right. Now, you should have the means to write your own diamante poem.

Example of a Diamante Poem

  1. Line one: Cat
  2. Line two: Proud, Assured
  3. Line three: Stalking, Sleeping, Watching
  4. Line four: Feral, Tortoiseshell, Calico, Persian
  5. Line five: Running, Jumping, Playing
  6. Line six: Soft, Little
  7. Line seven: Kitten

When these lines are arranged in the traditional diamond format they would look like this:


Proud, Assured

Stalking, Sleeping, Watching

Feral, Tortoiseshell, Calico, Persians

Running, Jumping, Playing

Soft, Little



How do you write a diamante poem?

The subject of the poem is in the first line. It is usually a noun. It is then followed by two adjectives, then some verbs (action words), more nouns, verbs, adjectives, and then the second subject (opposite or antonym).

What does a diamante poem look like?

A diamante poem looks like a diamond. The lines vary in length, with the middle lines being the longest, and the first and last lines the shortest.

Does a diamante poem have a title?

A diamante poem doesn’t need a title, but many authors use the first line of the poem as the title.

Related Literary Terms

  • Concrete Poem: Concrete poetry, also sometimes known as visual poetry or shape poetry, is focused on the visual effect that linguistic elements have when they’re arranged in a certain way.
  • Free Verse: lines are unrhymed and there are no consistent metrical patterns. But, that doesn’t mean it is entirely without structure.
  • Coherence: refers to the properties of well-organized writing. This includes grammar, sentence structure, and plot elements. 
  • End-Stopped Line: a pause that occurs at the end of a line of poetry. It might conclude a phrase or sentence.
  • Oxymoron: a kind of figurative language in which two contrasting things are connected together. 
  • Antithesis: occurs when two contrasting ideas are put together to achieve the desired outcome.

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