Robert Hass

Meditation at Lagunitas by Robert Hass

‘Meditations at Lagunitas’ was published in 1979 as part of Praise, Hass’s second poetry collection. Since then, it has only grown in popularity, finding a place in several different American anthologies. The poem touches on heavy philosophical themes of Plato’s Idea, the nature of “Things”, existence, and human experience. The speaker decides that philosophical ideas have little bearing on his life. The “woman” he meditates on is just as real, beautiful, and meaningful to him as the ephemeral language of philosophers.

Meditation at Lagunitas by Robert Hass

Summary of Meditation at Lagunitas

Meditation at Lagunitas’ by Robert Hass is a beautiful and complex poem that discusses the nature and idea of “Things” as well as the importance of present experience.

Throughout the thirty-one lines of this poem, Hass argues that the “idea” of things as put forward by Plato is not an ideal way to live one’s life. It is useless to sit around contemplating this philosophical principle, he says. Rather, he’d like to go out and connect with the world in a real way. He uses the example of a woman and how she reminds him of his past. This was something meaningful and real to him. Her presence was as real as his existence in the world allows it to be. She didn’t need to be the essence of “woman” for them to have a meaningful, although perhaps brief, relationship. 

You can read the full poem here.

Structure of Meditation at Lagunitas

Meditation at Lagunitas’ by Robert Hass is a single stanza pastoral poem that is made up of thirty-one lines. These lines do not follow a specific rhyme scheme or metrical pattern, a technique known as free verse. Despite what many think, free verse does not mean that the poem is totally devoid of structure or poetic techniques. A close reader can find several examples of half-rhyme within ‘Meditation at Lagunitas’ as well as literary devices. 

Literary Devices in Meditation at Lagunitas

Hass makes use of several literary devices in ‘Meditation at Lagunitas’. These include but are not limited to alliteration, caesura, and enjambment. The first of these, alliteration, occurs when words are used in succession, or at least appear close together, and begin with the same sound. For example, “black bird” in line six as well as “pleasure” and “places” in lines twenty-one and twenty-two. 

Caesura occurs when a line is split in half, sometimes with punctuation, sometimes not. The use of punctuation in these moments creates a very intentional pause in the text. A reader should consider how the pause influences the rhythm of one’s reading and how it might precede an important turn or transition in the text. For example, line eight reads: “of undivided light. Or the other notion that”. 

Another important technique commonly used in poetry is enjambment. It occurs when a line is cut off before its natural stopping point. Enjambment forces a reader down to the next line, and the next quickly. One has to move forward in order to comfortably resolve a phrase or sentence.  There are several good examples in this poem. For instance, the transition between lines three and four as well as that between lines twelve and thirteen. 

Analysis of Meditation at Lagunitas 

Lines 1-4

All the new thinking is about loss.

In this it resembles all the old thinking.


In the first lines of ‘Meditation at Lagunitas,’ the speaker suggests that “loss” is one of the most important things that human beings have ever tried to think about. It is constantly on the mind of human beings trying to understand what it means. Thinking about loss is nothing new; the new thinking resembles “all the old thinking” on the subject. 

The next lines shift to thinking about the “idea” of things versus reality. This is a theory that originates from Plato. He argued that real things are different than their appearance suggests. The reality of objects (their essence) and all other “things” exist in a higher plane that human beings don’t have access to. This is the source of “old thinking” that Hass is interested in.

The main “idea” mentioned in these first lines is Plato’s Idea. He argues in this idea that “real things” are different from how things appear. For example, a pet, a piece of clothing, or one’s cup of coffee aren’t real things–they are just appearances. The real “things” that one should be appreciating are in another place, a higher spiritual realm. The word “cat” is different from the real “Cat”– the furry, small creature with a tail.

Plato’s Idea is one of the most influential philosophical concepts in all of Western thinking, and it is the “old thinking” that Hass refers to and on which much of society’s concepts of reality are built. When Hass refers to the “general idea” he’s thinking about the capitalized essence of something the “Cat.” When he uses “each particular” he’s referring to just the appearance of things, the lowercase “cat.” The idea, he notes, is something perfect and meaningful (in Plato’s Idea) and the “particular” is the thing itself.

Lines 5-11 

faced woodpecker probing the dead sculpted trunk


a word is elegy to what it signifies.

Hass creates a specific example of a “thing” so that he can talk about particulars verse the general essence of things. He describes a “woodpecker” that does not know of its “tragic falling”. Particulars, such as “that black birch,” seem lesser than the more spiritual world. The essences are more important and of a different realm than the “fallen” (a clear reference to Adam and Eve and the Garden of Eden). Through its existence, the woodpecker informs the world that it is only one example of a woodpecker. It is a particular, not of the world of essences. 

Meditation at Lagunitas’ gets more complicated in line eight as the speaker describes an elegy and uses the example of a blackberry bush. (An elegy is a poem delivered to mark a loss or a death. Within it, one can expect to find mournful and sorrowful language.) He describes how there’s no single blackberry that humans can find, look at, and know that is the perfect example. He expresses the word “blackberry” as an elegy for the loss of the original nature of the blackberry. It mourns the loss of the purity of an original. 

Lines 12-23 

We talked about it late last night and in the voice

of my friend, there was a thin wire of grief, a tone


called pumpkinseed. It hardly had to do with her.

The speaker brings other people, including himself, into ‘Meditation at Lagunitas’.  He describes talking to his “friend” about these notions of loss “late last night”. He recalls hearing grief in his friend’s voice during this discussion. His friend was frustrated with the conversation, as the speaker was and is. He “understood” that talking this way for a long time dissolves everything. The reality of the world that they know and can’t escape disappears into notions of philosophy and essences (those that he’s spent the previous lines describing).

The speaker doesn’t feel that this is an ideal outcome for the conversation when he isn’t trying to craft lofty philosophical arguments. He states that he wants to know the world. He has a desire to connect with the world in a way that doesn’t depend on one lessening their enjoyment because essences are out of reach.

The next line uses the example of a woman that he “made love to” and remembered holding. Her “presence” was very real; it was not abstract, disappointing, or “fallen”. This leads him down a path of memory, with some very good examples of imagery. He recalls his youth, the “island willows” and the “silly music from the pleasure boat. (There is a good example of half-rhyme with “willows” and “silly.) 

Although these things “hardly had to do with her,” they are the main reason he was drawn to her. She reminds him of these memories of his youth (suggesting that her presence in his life was entirely positive and very effective even though he should only regard her as a “particular” and not the “general idea” of “Woman” if he’s to maintain Plato’s way of thinking).

Lines 24-31

Longing, we say, because desire is full

of endless distances. I must have been the same to her.

But I remember so much, the way her hands dismantled bread,


saying blackberry, blackberry, blackberry.

The speaker believes that we “desire” things because they remind us of the “endless distances” of our own pasts and our futures. He also believes that he “must have been the same to her,” that she was only with him because he brought her some recollection of the past and some series of emotions that made their interaction worthwhile.

He takes the reader into some memories he has of being with her and things she told him. There was the way she cut bread and the “thing her father said that hurt her”. These are precise and very real experiences that are part of his memory. They make her an individual, something that he values. She does not have to be an essence, or the idea of perfection, to mean something to him. 

Hass brings in a few more complicated phrases at the end of‘Meditation at Lagunitas’. He speaks about the “days that are the good flesh continuing” and “when the body is as numinous / as words” (numinous is defined as divine and again alludes to Plato’s Idea). There are times when the body seems like the perfect idea or essence of the “Body.” These are the days of pleasant happiness, which is achieved through bodies coming together. The physical pleasure of being with another person, sexually and otherwise, is far more real to him than any lofty philosophical principle. This connects back to his argument that it’s harmful to spend too much time thinking about “essences” and “ideas” of “Things”. 

Meditation at Lagunitas’ ends on a contemplative note. The poet repeats the word “blackberry” three times. Here, he brings the poem back to the complex nature of language and how words can become things. When said enough, “blackberry” no longer refers to fruit but is a “thing” in itself. The word’s meaning disappears and creates something new, a feeling of “tenderness”. 

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Emma Baldwin Poetry Expert
Emma graduated from East Carolina University with a BA in English, minor in Creative Writing, BFA in Fine Art, and BA in Art Histories. Literature is one of her greatest passions which she pursues through analyzing poetry on Poem Analysis.
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