Irony

Two Songs by Adrienne Rich

Adrienne Rich’s ‘Two Songs’ explores the themes of lust, physicality, and pleasure. These poems feature a speaker’s “post coitum” feelings.

Two Songs by Adrienne Rich Visual Representation

[Buffalo Bill ‘s] by E. E. Cummings

E. Cummings’ free-verse poem ‘[Buffalo Bill ’s]’ taps on the popular theme of the inevitability of death. It includes a civil, indifferent depiction of death.

[Buffalo Bill 's] by E. E. Cummings Visual Representation

July in Washington by Robert Lowell

Robert Lowell’s poem ‘July in Washington’ shows both sides of a coin, the coin being America. Lowell inserts different expressions and comparisons to make his stand clear to readers.

July in Washington by Robert Lowell Visual Representation

On Getting Out of Vietnam by Howard Nemerov

‘On Getting Out of Vietnam’, written by American poet Howard Nemerov, is a symbolic poem based on the US’s involvement in Vietnam War (1955-1975). It alludes to the Greek legend of Theseus and the Minotaur.

On Getting Out of Vietnam by Howard Nemerov Visual Representation

Advice to a Girl by Thomas Campion

Thomas Campion’s ‘Advice to a Girl’ is a piece of advice dedicated to 17th-century women regarding men’s nature and follies. It highlights some negative aspects in men that women should know before loving them.

Advice to a Girl by Thomas Campion Visual Representation

On a Certain Lady at Court by Alexander Pope

Written in 1717, Pope’s ‘On a Certain Lady at Court’ is about Catharine Howard, one of the waiting-women of Queen Caroline and a mistress to George II. Pope satirizes the lady’s qualities as she rejects his genuine love.

On a Certain Lady at Court by Alexander Pope Visual Representation

Like A Flower In The Rain by Charles Bukowski

Bukowski’s ‘Like A Flower In The Rain’ is a clear-cut poem describing the odd lovemaking of a couple. Bukowski does not shy away from noting their raw conversation in the text.

Like A Flower In The Rain by Charles Bukowski Visual Representation

Glory of Women by Siegfried Sassoon

In ‘Glory of Women,’ Siegfried Sassoon attacks the role of women in wartime and makes them complicit in the deaths of the men they claim to “worship”.

Glory of Women by Siegfried Sassoon Visual Representation

My Fairy by Lewis Carroll

In ‘My Fairy’, the very essence of this poem is drenched in irony in that “a fairy” can be thought of as a childish creature.

The Castle by Edwin Muir

‘The Castle’ by Edwin Muir details a past event of a castle’s overtaking through the account of a soldier who witnessed the castle’s fall, firsthand.

The Shield of Achilles by W.H. Auden

‘The Shield of Achilles’ by W.H. Auden presents an episode from Homer’s epic poem “Iliad” innovatively. This poem creates an amalgamation of the classical world with the modern world for depicting the futility of the latter.

Sweeney among the Nightingales by T.S. Eliot

‘Sweeney among the Nightingales’ (1918), one of Eliot’s modernist poems, first featured the morally degraded, spiritually hollow, and libidinous character of Sweeney, who, in this poem, is seduced by prostitutes in a pub.

Sweeney among the Nightingales by T. S. Eliot Visual Representation

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