‘Timer’ by Tony Harrison was published in the poet’s 1981 collection The School of Eloquence. It is a sixteen line sonnet that follows the rhyme scheme, ABAB CDCD EF EF GHGH. It is unusual for a poem that depends heavily on narrative to rhyme so consistently. The contrast between the narrative, realistic events, occurring alongside the more spiritual and emotional ones is one of the most important fears of ‘Timer.’
Rhyme and Rhythm
In regards to the rhyme scheme, there is no one pattern that lasts throughout the entire text. The number of syllables per line range from eight up to twelve. The first stanza and the last contain only ten syllable lines, while the central portion of the poem, lines 4-12 vary.
There is an interesting balance in this piece between the rhythmic and the more spontaneous. Working in tandem, alongside the narrative of the poem (it tells a story), the rhythm and rhyme are quite successful. There is a sing-song like quality to some of the lines, but when the metrical pattern breaks it is something a shock.
These instances mimic the surprise of real world events while the rhythmic and rhyming sections are more soothing. This applies most poignantly to the last stanza. In this part of the poem the speaker meditates on the still active connection to his mother and her physical body. The mother in the story was cremated but her spirit is still active, swirling around the ring in the narrator’s hand. You can read the full poem here.
Summary of Timer
‘Timer’ by Tony Harrison describes the the death of a speaker’s mother and the attempt to cremate her wedding ring along with her body.
The poem begins with the speaker telling the reader that someone has died. As they were cremated, something gold (later revealed as a wedding ring) did not melt. The following lines tell of the moment the speaker’s father asked him to bring the wedding ring to the mortuary and make sure that it ended up back on her finger. He wants it to enter into the afterlife with her. The father sees this as a symbol of their eternal bond.
In the second half of the poem the speaker goes to retrieve his mother’s personal items of clothing. Along with these, he is given back the gold ring. It did not melt in the furnace and has become something even more important to him. Before, it was symbol of connection between his father and mother, now though, it is imbued with his mother’s essence. As it sits in his hand he feels her presence circling around within the band, just like the top of an egg timer swirls on its base.
Analysis of Timer
In the first lines of ‘Timer’ the speaker begins by making a striking statement about what happens to one’s bodied during cremation. It is made all the more startling by the fact that the speaker uses second person, addressing the listener (and the reader) as “you.” He states that the fires in the crematorium are,
[…] hot enough
to make you ashes in a standard urn.
But, that “Gold survives” this process. There are a number of things to take note of in this first stanza. Primarily, the presence of gold, alongside a body. The next lines make it clear why gold is involved in the process of cremation, but taking the first line by itself— it makes a poignant image. It is easy to imagine a body succumbing to flames while somewhere in the equation the gold just gets hotter and hotter, remaining mostly untouched by the flames.
Additionally, there is the description of the “urn” as “standard.” It is, in the speaker’s eyes at least— common, the easiest and most accessible choice.
In the next two lines of ‘Timer’ the speaker notes that “your wedding ring” is now sitting inside an envelope. This makes clear why there was gold present during the process of cremation. One can assume that the deceased person asked to keep their ring on specifically, or that it was at the request of a family member that it remained.
The envelope that the ring now rests in is similar to the “standard urn.” It is an “official buff” color, a yellow-beige and common in any office building. Here is one of the most interesting contrasts in ‘Timer.’ It was someone’s intention (the deceased woman’s husband as the reader will discover), that the ring be consumed alongside the body. Rather than meeting this dramatic fate, it has been relegated to a mundane, lifeless, and more importantly, meaningless envelope.
In the next lines the speaker relays the instructions given to him by his father. It was his wish that “the ring should go in the incinerator.” He was very certain of this, unafraid to comfort the reality of death and what needed to happen next. The speaker mentions “St. James’s.” This is most certainly the name of the hospital that was taking care of his mother’s body.
Lines seven and eight give the reasoning behind the father’s choice to put the ring into the incinerator along with his wife’s body. He saw it as an integral part of her, so much so that it would be necessary in the future when they “be together, “later”.’ It was to the father the “surety” that they’d find one another. This is further embodied by the word, “eternity” on the band. This is the evidence that the mother/wife’s perspective that she felt the same way. She would likely have wanted to keep the ring on as well.
This is a romantic gesture, and a very emotional one. Unfortunately as the reader is already aware, it does not work out.
The next stanza of ‘Timer’ is only two lines and jumps back to the end of the cremation process. When his mother’s body had been incinerated, he went to,
[…] sign… for the parcelled clothing as the son,
There were a number of things intimate to his mother’s life, things a son does not normally have to deal with. These included “pants, bra,” and “dress.” These, just like the ashes and the “standard urn” as well as the ring, are what the speaker physically has left of his mother.
The next lines relay part of the interaction between the speaker and the clerk at the mortuary. It was at this pint that the speaker was informed that the ring had been removed from the incinerator, unmelted. It was as whole as when it went in. This brings up a number of questions, emotionally and spiritual for the speaker, or for anyone in this situation. The grand metaphor the father/husband was striving for did not work out. The symbol of “eternity” he wanted to make sure stayed with his wife refused to go with her mortal body.
Line thirteen contains the speaker’s exclamation over his repossession of the ring. It is again in his “warm palm.” The only difference he can see is that it is “burnished.”
The final three lines of the text are formatted with an even ten syllables each. They are soothing, especially when placed next to the surprise of the ring making it out of the fire. The speaker, rather than being distressed over this turn of events, embraces it. He feels his mother’s presence within the ring in his hand. Her,
[…] ashes, head, arms, breasts, womb, legs,
sift through its circle slowly
It still represents eternity, but rather than a life after death, it is closer to an unbreakable connection between mother and son. She is still there, in spirit, connected to the ring.
In the last lines he compares the ring to an egg timer. Perhaps, Harrison was thinking of the way that the top piece of an egg timer spins. It circles slowly, just like the mother’s presence does within the ring.